unnamed 2020 romance conlang
This is a conlang I've been working on in early 2020 (now at the time of writing). It's currently far from finished, though.
There are 8 oral vowels and 5 nasal vowels.
i <i, í>
u <u, ú>
e <é, ê>
o <ó, ô>
ɛ <e, è>
ɔ <o, ò>
a <a, á, à>
k <c, k, ck, q>
t͡s <z, c>
s <s, ss>
j <y, i>
Each phoneme is written the same as in the IPA unless otherwise stated in angle brackets.
Syllable structure is as follows:
(C 1 (C 2)) (S 1) V (S 2) (C 3 (C 4))
Syllable onsets are optional and consist of one or two consonants
Simple onsets can be any consonant, however:
/ɲ ʃ z/ do not occur word-initially
/dʒ/ only occurs word-initially or following /ɲ/ in the previous syllable
2 may only be /r/ or /l/ Onset clusters allowed anywhere: /pr tr kr br dr gr fr fl/
Onset clusters allowed only word-initially: /bl gl/
Onset clusters allowed only following a vowel: /vr/
The nucleus consists of a mandatory vowel V and two optional semivowels which may be /j/ or /u/: an onglide S
1 and an offglide S 2. V may be an oral or nasal vowel.
If the nucleus contains a nasal vowel, then the semivowels will also be realized as nasalized.
Nasal nuclei may not contain an onglide.
/ə/ may not occur within a complex nucleus.
/ɔ̃/ only occurs in /ɔ̃w/
/e o/ may not occur before an offglide.
/j/ and /w/ may not occur before or after /i ĩ/ and /u ũ/ respectively.
1 and S 2 may not both be /j/ Allowed falling dipthongs are: /iw ɛw aw ɔw ɛj aj uj/. These may be oral or nasal.
Allowed rising dipthongs are: /jɛ ja jɔ jo ju wi wɛ wa/
Syllable codas are optional and consist of one or two consonants
Simple codas can be any consonant except for /b? dʒ v z/
/n/ can only appear as a simple coda if the next syllable begins with a stop or affricate (see Nasal Sandhi below)
Complex codas can occur with the following clusters:
/rm rn rɲ? rp rt rk rb? rd rg? rtz rtʃ? rf? rs rʃ?/
/mp nt nk/ (These may behave like **/mb nd ng/, see below)
/bs? ds gs?/
Phonemes in the coda of a word may be moved to the onset of the next word if possible; see Linking below.
When possible, word-final consonants may be moved to the next word. This occurs wherever it is possible to form a valid onset from consonants in the coda of the first word and in the onset of the second word.
Voicing/Devoicing of Stops after Nasals
Words ending in <mp, nd,
Sandhi with /s/ and /f/
nouns and adjectives
Verbs generally consist of a stem, which is conjugated with different endings.
Regular Verb Conjugations
There are four different regular conjugation paradigms.
First Conjugation (-ar) verbs
Second Conjugation (-er) verbs
Third Conjugation (-re) verbs
Fourth Conjugation (-ir) verbs
Under construction! ☺
© 2020 Ensix